Barbara Junghans

Associate Professor

About me:

My research has spanned a rather eclectic array of disciplines and sub-disciplines.  Why?  Opportunities arose….  My PhD covered lymphangiogenesis of the cornea in response to corneal insult and was followed by a discovery of lymphatics in the chick choroid.  A portrayal of the ultrastructure of the chick choroid during the development of myopia, along with the prevalence of ionic species in and around the choroid of the myopic eye using bulk frozen x-ray micro-elemental analysis techniques devised by myself, led to an understanding of the early eye-growth situation in terms of fluid dynamics and demanded consideration of aquaporins and potassium channels in the retina.  This work is now being extended into investigations of fluid control in human myopia.

An opportunity to portray the visual status of over 2,000 children arose with the creation of the UNSW Vision Education Centre by Sheila Crewther and myself to extend paediatric experiences for our students.  Thus we were able to observe that whilst the rest of the world was experiencing an extremely rapid increase in the prevalence of myopia in school children, Sydney was not.  Furthermore, we were able to characterize the functional vision of these school children.  A consequence of us finding that 1 in 4 has a visual problem that needs monitoring led to a change in educational and screening programs across Australian schools.  This line of research continues, but is based as a collaboration with Sheila Crewther at La Trobe University.

Alongside my basic science research, my career as a teacher was flourishing: as was a desire to better understand pedagogical issues.  This led to a major study funded by the ALTC on whether the low uptake of positions in low vision practice or rural areas was due to poor educational experiences.  This resulted in the creation of an Australasian network of optometric educators willing to undertake rigorous analysis of optometric pedagogy that now has extended to other areas of optometric teaching.

Other smaller projects have covered colour vision in orienteers which has led to me being an advisor to the International Orienteering Federation on suitable colour schemes for orienteering maps.  Smaller projects demanded by final year student groups has led to investigations such as the effect of cognitive distractions upon the patency of the visual field; typographical characteristics of print across modern media such as iPads and their effects on reading and comprehension; eye-hand coordination and eye movements in amblyopes.

 

Education

BOptom  (UNSW 1973)

PhD  (UNSW 1991)

Grad Dip H Ed  (UNSW 1993)

 

Research Goals

  • To contribute at the level of basic molecular studies to our understanding of development of refractive errors (in particular myopia)
  • To describe at the public health level through epidemiological studies the prevalence and associations of refractive errors in a society with a more relaxed life style (ie. Australia)
  • To describe the prevalence of dysfunction in children’s near vision
  • To understand how students engage with the curricula we design for their professional degree program.

 

Teaching

After 12 year as a visiting clinical instructor starting in 1977, I became a full time lecturer with responsibilities by 1991 for teaching refraction and ocular health assessment, that is, most of a primary care eye examination.  I moved over the next 13 years to have responsibilities not only for single course design, but also for program design and mentoring of new and junior staff.  I currently teach across both vision science courses as well as clinical courses, and teach into Years 1, 2, and 3 of our 5-year program.  In the past I have instigated and managed a postgraduate course in our Masters program, Clinical Imaging.

Currently Course Convenor for OPTM2190: Introduction to Clinical Optometry which is compulsory for all students studying a BScBOptom program and for students completing a BSc (Vis Sci Major).

I also teach into

  • VISN1101 in Year 1 giving ‘the broad picture’ and motivation to study basic science in order to understand clinical techniques and clinical reasoning
  • VISN3111 in Year 3 with a unit on the science behind refractive errors
  • OPTM2291 Primary Care Optometry in Year 2
  • OPTM3211 with a unit on Primary Care Optometry as a first stage for students in our public clinic.

 

Professional affiliations and service positions

Academic Advisor to the school’s 450 students.

Director of the Vision Education Centre, UNSW (an outreach program for primary schools)

Administrator of the School of Optometry and Vision Science’s Preclinical Teaching Laboratory

Member of the Performance and Professional Standards Panel, Optometry Board of Australia, 2011-2014.

Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry

Member of the professional association Optometry Australia

 

Awards and Achievements

  • Michael G Harris Family Award for Excellence in Optometric Education from the American Optometric Foundation, American Academy of Optometry, in 2013
  • Australian Learning and Teaching Council Citation in 2009 with $10,000 award for “Sustained inspirational teaching, academic mentoring and leadership in the scholarship of learning and teaching in the field of optometry”
  • UNSW Vice Chancellor’s Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching Award, in 2010 with $7,500
  • Promotion to Associate Professor in 2008 based on outstanding teaching, leadership and scholarship in teaching that includes pedagogical research with dissemination to a wide audience of educators
  • UNSW Postgraduate Teaching Award in 2004 in recognition of ability to design curricula that engage non-academic support staff to enhance learning activities for postgraduate coursework
  • Through the late 1990s I managed the design and construction of the Preclinical Teaching Laboratory in the new Rupert Myers Building
  • Over the last twenty years I have successfully brought in $175,000 worth of funding for the Vision Education Centre and the Preclinical Teaching Laboratory.

Publications

Books
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Junghans BM; Dalton HM, (eds.), 2011, Compendium of low vision learning activities from around the world, 1st, Australian Learning and Teaching Council, Strawberry Hills,
2011
Conference Papers
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Junghans BM; Cochrane A; Hendicott PL; Palagyi A; Jacobs RJ, 2016, 'Gerontology and low vision services provided by Australasian optometrists', in INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC, Seattle, WA, presented at Annual Meeting of the Association-for-Research-in-Vision-and-Ophthalmology (ARVO), Seattle, WA, 01 May 2016 - 05 May 2016,
2016
Junghans BM; Azizoglu S; Barutchu A; Crewther SG, 2015, 'The evidence base underlying symptoms of ocular discomfort in emmetropic school children', in INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC, Denver, CO, presented at Annual Meeting of the Association-for-Research-in-Vision-and-Ophthalmology (ARVO), Denver, CO, 03 May 2015 - 07 May 2015,
2015
Junghans B; Chang C-J; Siu A; Soesanto N; Tu M; Murphy M; Crewther S, 2013, 'Intraocular Pressure in Myopic Eyes during the Water Drinking Test', in INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC,
2013
Gokhale M; Junghans, 2013, 'PeerWise to stimulate students immersed in an IT-centric world to revise clinical optometry theory', in Collins L; O'Connell A; Vulic J (eds.), Engaging Students in the Blended Learning Landscape, UNSW, pp. 53 - 54, presented at Engaging Students in the Blended Learning Landscape,
2013
Junghans BM; Azizoglu S; Barutchu A; Crewther SG, 2010, 'Asthenopic Symptoms and Refractive Errors', in INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC,
2010
Crewther S; Liang H; Junghans BM; Crewther DP, 2005, 'Form deprived myopia is associated with hyperosmolarity and increased potassium in the outer retinal area', in INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC, Ft Lauderdale, FL, presented at Meeting of the Association-for-Research-in-Vision-and-Ophthalmology (ARVO 2005), Ft Lauderdale, FL, 01 May 2005 - 05 May 2005,
2005
Junghans BM; Goodyear M; Crewther D; Crewther SG, 2005, 'A role for aquaporin-4 in the induction of form-deprivation myopia', in INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC, Ft Lauderdale, FL, presented at Meeting of the Association-for-Research-in-Vision-and-Ophthalmology (ARVO 2005), Ft Lauderdale, FL, 01 May 2005 - 05 May 2005,
2005
Lawson ML; Crewther SG; Junghans B; Crewther DP, 2003, 'The role of accommodation in shifting between global and local attention', in INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC, FT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA, pp. U442 - U442, presented at Annual Meeting of the Association-for-Research-in-Vision-and-Ophthalmology, FT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA, 04 May 2003,
2003
Crewther DP; Crewther S; Liang H; Junghans B, 2003, 'Evidence for ionic control of refractive compensation', in INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC, FT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA, pp. U57 - U57, presented at Annual Meeting of the Association-for-Research-in-Vision-and-Ophthalmology, FT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA, 04 May 2003,
2003
Junghans BM; Crewther SG; Kiely PM; Crewther DP, 2003, 'The prevalence of Hypermetropia and myopia in a large unselected, multicultural population of school children in Eastern Sydney', in INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC, FT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA, pp. U644 - U644, presented at Annual Meeting of the Association-for-Research-in-Vision-and-Ophthalmology, FT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA, 04 May 2003,
2003
Junghans BM; Ly AB; Nguyen HQ; Truong V, 2002, 'Photorefraction Screenings Using An `off-the-shelf` Digital Camera', in Annual Meeting 2002, Annual Meeting 2002, Rockville, pp. 1 - 1, presented at Annual Meeting 2002, Rockville, 27 May 2002
2002
Junghans BM; Ly A; Nguyen H; Truong V, 2002, 'Photorefraction screenings using an 'off-the-shelf' digital camera', in INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, ASSOC RESEARCH VISION OPHTHALMOLOGY INC, FT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA, pp. U336 - U336, presented at Annual Meeting of the Association-for-Research-in-Vision-and-Ophthalmology, FT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA, 05 May 2002 - 10 May 2002,
2002
Liang H; Crewther SG; Crewther DP; Dickson MR; Junghans BM, 1998, 'X-ray microanalysis of the chick choroid and retina in experimental myopia', in Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Association of Research Vision Ophthalmology Inc, Rockville, MD, USA, pp. S504 - S504, presented at ARVO 1998: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 10 May 1998 - 15 May 1998
1998
Junghans BM; Crewther SG; Crewther DP, 1998, 'Choroidal lymphatics: an active storage reservoir?', in Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Association of Research Vision Ophthalmology Inc, Rockville, MD, USA, pp. S504 - S504, presented at ARVO 1998: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 10 May 1998 - 15 May 1998
1998
Junghans BM, 1997, 'Are the lymphatics of the chick choroid an active storage reservoir?', in Progress of Microcirculation Research, Flinders Press, Flinders University Sa, pp. 84 - 86, presented at 9th Australian and New Zealand Symposium, St Vincents Hospital, Fitzroy, Melbourne, 31 January 1997 - 02 February 1997
1997
JUNGHANS BM; COLLIN HB, 1992, 'THE LYMPHANGIOGENIC RESPONSE OF THE CORNEA DURING MILD AND ACUTE-INFLAMMATION', in CLUZAN RV; PECKING AP; LOKIEC FM (eds.), PROGRESS IN LYMPHOLOGY-XIII, ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBL B V, PARIS, FRANCE, pp. 261 - 262, presented at 13TH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOC OF LYMPHOLOGY : PROGRESS IN LYMPHOLOGY, PARIS, FRANCE, 29 September 1991 - 05 October 1991,
1992
Conference Proceedings (Editor of)
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Junghans BM; Crewther SG, (eds.), 2003, 'Clinical and Experimental Optometry', John Wiley & Sons, Melbourne, presented at 10th Scientific Meeting in Optometry, Melbourne, 03 - 04 July 2003
2003
Junghans BM, (ed.), 2003, 'Clinical and Experimental Optometry', John Wiley & Sons, Melbourne, presented at 4th Educators Meeting in Optometry, Melbourne, 01 July 2003
2003
Junghans BM; Crewther SG; Kiely PM; Crewther DP, (eds.), 2003, 'Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science', Association of Research Vision Ophthalmology Inc, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, presented at ARVO 2003: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 01 - 09 May 2003
2003
Journal articles
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Alhazmi MS; Butler CW; Junghans BM, 2018, 'Does the virtual refractor patient-simulator improve student competency when refracting in the consulting room?', Clinical and Experimental Optometry, vol. 101, pp. 771 - 777,
2018
Azizoǧlu S; Crewther SG; Şerefhan F; Barutchu A; Göker S; Junghans BM, 2017, 'Evidence for the need for vision screening of school children in Turkey', BMC Ophthalmology, vol. 17,
2017
Heindl LM; Kaser-Eichberger A; Schlereth SL; Bock F; Regenfuss B; Reitsamer HA; McMenamin P; Lutty GA; Maruyama K; Chen L; Dana R; Kerjaschki D; Alitalo K; De Stefano ME; Junghans BM; Schroedl F; Cursiefen C, 2015, 'Sufficient evidence for lymphatics in the developing and adult human choroid?', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 56, pp. 6709 - 6710,
2015
Madigan M; Diep M; Junghans B; Valter K, 2014, 'Aquaporin-4 and potassium channel kir4.1 in amd and serous retinal detachment secondary to choroidal melanoma', ACTA OPHTHALMOLOGICA, vol. 92,
2014
Schroedl F; Kaser-Eichberger A; Schlereth SL; Bock F; Regenfuss B; Reitsamer HA; Lutty GA; Maruyama K; Chen L; Lütjen-Drecoll E; Dana R; Kerjaschki D; Alitalo K; De Stefano ME; Junghans BM; Heindl LM; Cursiefen C, 2014, 'Consensus statement on the immunohistochemical detection of ocular lymphatic vessels', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 55, pp. 6440 - 6442,
2014
Diep M; Madigan MC; Valter-Kocsi K; Junghans B, 2013, 'EXPRESSION OF AQUAPORIN-4 AND POTASSIUM CHANNEL KIR4.1 IN SEROUS RETINAL DETACHMENT SECONDARY TO CHOROIDAL MELANOMA', CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL OPHTHALMOLOGY, vol. 41, pp. 120 - 120,
2013
Lee K; Junghans B; Ryan M; Kim J; Suttle C, 2011, 'Development of a new portable eye-hand coordination test using a tablet PC: A pilot study', PERCEPTION, vol. 40, pp. 204 - 204,
2011
Azizoglu S; Junghans BM; Barutchu A; Crewther SG, 2011, 'Refractive errors in students from Middle Eastern backgrounds living and undertaking schooling in Australia', Clinical and Experimental Optometry, vol. 94, pp. 67 - 75,
2011
Goodyear MJ; Crewther SG; Murphy MJ; Giummarra L; Hazi A; Junghans BM; Crewther DP, 2010, 'Spatial and temporal dissociation of AQP4 and Kir4.1 expression during induction of refractive errors', Molecular Vision, vol. 16, pp. 1610 - 1619
2010
Goodyear MJ; Crewther SG; Junghans BM, 2009, 'A role for aquaporin-4 in fluid regulation in the inner retina', Visual Neuroscience, vol. 26, pp. 159 - 165,
2009
Goodyear MJ; Junghans BM; Giummarra L; Murphy MJ; Crewther DP; Crewther SG, 2008, 'A role for aquaporin-4 during induction of form deprivation myopia in chick', Molecular Vision, vol. 14, pp. 298 - 307
2008
Long JA; Junghans BM, 2008, 'Orienteers with poor colour vision require more than cunning running', Clinical and Experimental Optometry, vol. 91, pp. 515 - 523,
2008
Crewther SG; Liang H; Junghans BM; Crewther DP, 2006, 'Ionic control of ocular growth and refractive change', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 103, pp. 15663 - 15668,
2006
Lawson ML; Crewther SG; Junghans BM; Crewther DP; Kiely PM, 2005, 'Changes in ocular accommodation when shifting between global and local attention', Clinical and Experimental Optometry, vol. 88, pp. 28 - 32,
2005
Junghans BM; Crewther SG, 2005, 'Little evidence for an epidemic of myopia in Australian primary school children over the last 30 years', BMC Ophthalmology, vol. 5, pp. 1 - 10,
2005
Liang H; Crewther SG; Crewther DP; Junghans BM, 2004, 'Structural and Elemental Evidence for Edema in the Retina, Retinal Pigment Epithelium and Choroid during Recovery from Experimentally Induced Myopia', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 45, pp. 2463 - 2474,
2004
Junghans BM; Crewther SG, 2003, 'Prevalence of Myopia among primary school children in eastern Sydney', Clinical and Experimental Optometry, vol. 86, pp. 339 - 345,
2003
Junghans BM; Kiely PM; Crewther DP; Crewther SG, 2002, 'Referral rates for a functional vision screening among a large cosmopolitan sample of Australian children', Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, vol. 22, pp. 10 - 25,
2002
Junghans BM; Valter K; Stone J, 2001, 'FGF-2 distribution during development of the inner and outer nuclear layers of the rat retina.', INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, vol. 42, pp. S772 - S772,
2001
Wadley R; Junghans B; Dickson M; Liang H, 2001, 'A Quantitative Cryo-Scanning X-Ray Microanalysis Protocol for the Examination of the Eye', Scanning, vol. 24, pp. 34 - 38,
2001
Junghans BM; Dickson MR; Wadley RB; Liang H, 2001, 'A Quantitative Cryo-Scanning X-Ray Microanalysis Protocol for the Examination of the Eye', Scanning, vol. 24, pp. 34 - 38
2001
Junghans BM; Crewther SG; Liang H; Crewther DP, 1999, 'A role for chloroidal lymphatics during recovery from Form Deprivation Myopia', Optometry and Vision Science, vol. 76, pp. 796 - 803,
1999
Junghans BM; Wadley RB; Crewther SG; Crewther DP, 1999, 'X-ray elemental analysis differentiates blood vessels and lymphatic vessels in the chick choroid', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 27, pp. 244 - 246,
1999
Junghans BM; Wadley RB; Liang H; Crewther SG; Crewther DP, 1999, 'Quantitative x-ray micro-analysis of choroidal lymph in chick during recovery from form-deprivation myopia', INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, vol. 40, pp. S451 - S451,
1999
Junghans B; Crewther S; Crewther D, 1998, 'Fine structure of lymphatics in the avian choroid', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 39, pp. 854 - 855
1998
Junghans BM; Crewther SG; Crewther DP; Pirie B, 1997, 'Lymphatic sinusoids exist in chick but not in rabbit choroid', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 25
1997
Junghans BM; Crewther SG; Liang H; Crewther DP; Wareing L; Pirie B, 1996, 'Lymphatics in the chick choroid?', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 24, pp. 47 - 49,
1996
Junghans BM; Crewther SG; Liang H; Crewther DP; Pirie B, 1996, 'Ultrastructural evidence for lymphatics in the chick choroid', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 37
1996
Junghans BM; Collin HB, 1989, 'The limbal vascular response to corneal injury. An autoradiographic study', Cornea, vol. 8, pp. 141 - 149
1989
Junghans BM; Collin HB, 1989, 'Limbal lymphangiogenesis after corneal injury: An autoradiographic study', Current Eye Research, vol. 8, pp. 91 - 100,
1989
JUNGHANS BM, 1979, 'Women in Optometry', The Australian Journal of Optometry, vol. 62, pp. 286 - 292,
1979
Reports
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Junghans BM; Jacobs R; Hendicott P; Cochrane A; Palagyi A, 2011, Delivering optometric graduates ready for practice beyond the cities and ready to service an ageing population, Australian Teaching and Learning Council, Strawberry Hills, NSW,
2011