Constitution Day: National Day (Sambidhan Diwas) of Nepal

As part of our School's commitment to Equity Diversity and Inclusion we are celebrating Nepal’s Constitution Day.  This year, 20th September (3rd Ashwin of Nepali calendar) commemorates the Constitution Day (National Day) of Nepal.

Constitution Day: National Day (Sambidhan Diwas) of Nepal

The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a beautiful, multi-cultural, multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, and multi-religious Himalayan country of South Asia with a total area of 147,181 km²; bordered by two countries China and India lying in the lap of mountains. Geographically Nepal is divided mainly into three regions: the Himalayan region, the middle Hilly region, and the Terai (Plain Land) region with seven provinces and 77 districts. Namaste/नमस्ते (Joining both hands); a common greeting word used by Nepali people around the world. Nepal comprises of diverse culture, and traditions which vary from one region of the nation to another. And a culture of a particular place solely depends upon the ethnicity and religion of people living in that area. Nepal enjoys a rich tapestry of cultures and traditions blending to form a national identity.

More than 120 different languages are spoken as mother tongue in Nepal; among them, the Nepali language is the widely spoken language of the country as the national language. The wide language pattern of Nepal has evolved from three major linguistic groups namely Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and various indigenous languages. Apart from Nepali, Newari, Maithili, Tharu, Bhojpuri, and Tamang are commonly spoken languages in Nepal.

Nepal is a secular country comprising of a wide diversity of groups and beliefs; however, Nepal's major and the largest religion is Hinduism followed by Buddhism, Islam, Kirat, Christian, Prakriti, Bon, Jainism, and Sikhism. Nepal is the most religious Hindu country around the globe, with most of the important Hindu pilgrimage centers are established in this country.

Nepalese celebrate a wide variety of festivals and most festivals begin with something religious and move with spontaneous spirit into a pleasant family gathering which has been a cardinal part of Nepali culture. The festival celebrated across the country depends upon ethnicity, religion, and geography. The major festival celebrated in Nepal are Dashain, Dipawali, Shivaratri, Nepali new year (Baishak first), Teej, Chhat, Bisket Jatra, Indra Jatra, Rato Manchhindranath Jatra, Buddha Jayanti, Lhosar, among others.

This year, 20th September (3rd Ashwin of Nepali calendar) commemorates the Constitution Day (National Day) of Nepal. The day is treated as the National Day (संविधान दिवस, Sambidhan Diwas) of Nepal and celebrates the adoption of the new constitution which came into effect from the 20th September 2015 replacing the Interim Constitution of 2007. In the year 2016, Nepal marked the first anniversary of the declaration of the new constitution in the country. The Constitution of Nepal comprises of the documented principles and precedents of the Government of Nepal. Nepal constitution frames the fundamental political principles, procedures, human rights, restrictions, and duties of the government and its citizens. The present constitution is a first full-fledged constitution to be drafted by democratically elected members of the constituent assembly which was drafted after the country became a federal democratic republic in 2008. Every year on this day there occurs a military parade in Nepal Army Pavilion in Kathmandu, and different government agencies organize various program throughout the nation. Additionally, the President and Prime Minister of the country issue separate statements and extend best wishes to all Nepalese’s living in Nepal and oversea. Apart from this, people of Nepal light candles in the evening to mark the national day. Nepalese embassies in foreign countries celebrate the day by hosting the national flag with a reception and diplomats organize the gathering where Nepalese citizen living in different foreign nations celebrate their national day by organizing get together, hosting flags, and lighting candles.

The official calendar used in Nepal is the Bikram Sambat or Vikram Samvat calendar, which is 56 years, 8 months, and 17 days ahead of the western calendar (currently in the year 2077).

Greetings for the day:

“Happy Constitution Day – 2020” / संविधान दिवसको शुभकामना२०७७

Authored by: Binod Rayamajhee, PhD Student



Nepali Recipes (नेपाली खाना – Nepali Khana)


Nepali Recipes

Recipe Name




Aloo Tama

1 cup bamboo shoots
1.5 cup potatoes
1 cup black-eyed pea, soaked overnight
½ cup tomatoes, chopped
½ cup onions, chopped
1 teaspoon cumin powder
½ teaspoon turmeric
1 tablespoon oil
Salt to taste


Boil potatoes until half done. Cool it. Cut into ½ inch cubes.


Heat oil in medium heat. Carefully sauté onions until light brown. Add all spices and salt.


Add beans, bamboo shoots, potatoes. Sauté for few more minutes in low-medium heat. Add tomatoes.


Put water and start boiling. Simmer for 15 minutes under low heat or more until potatoes and beans are tender.



Aloo Tama

Pancake (Nepali Bara)

1 cup black lentils

1 cup moong lentils

2 eggs, beaten

½ lb lean ground chicken (Lamb or mutton) can also be used. Minced vegetables are used for vegetarian cooking)

1 tablespoon garlic, minced

1 tablespoon ginger, minced

3 green chilies, minced

½ teaspoon turmeric

½ teaspoon asafoetida powder salt and pepper

2 tablespoons oil (for mixture)

½ cup oil (for cooking)

  1. Soak the lentils overnight. Next day, rinse the soaked lentils thoroughly.
  2. Rub the soaked lentils between your palms to peel off outer skin and.
  3. Transfer the washed lentils to a large blender, add a small amount of water, and blend it into a thick paste. Transfer the lentil mixture to a large mixing bowl.
  4. Add the oil, minced garlic, ginger and green chilies. Add turmeric, asafoetida, and salt and pepper. Add the beaten eggs and ground meat.
  5. Combine the lentil mixture thoroughly.
  6. Heat 2 tablespoons of cooking oil in a non-stick, thick-bottomed pan or tawa under medium heat. Pour a half cup of the lentil mixture onto the pan and gently spread the mixture into the shape of a mini pancake.
  7. Cook the patties on one side until the edges have crisped up and the patties themselves have attained a golden-brown colour.
  8. Turn the patties over onto the other side and cook until the patties have cooked and are golden brown.
  9. Transfer to a serving dish and serve hot with mutton soup or chicken soup or tomato pickle/condiment.
  10. It is also common to add an egg topping or a minced meat topping or whatever toppings you desire.




2 cups Rice Flour

1/3 cup All-Purpose Flour

2 cups Molasses sugar/Jaggery Balls

1 tbsp Dry Coconut (Shredded)

1 tbsp Brown Sesame Seed

2 tbsp Ghee

½ cup Milk

½ cup Water

  1. In a bowl, mix rice flour and all-purpose flour.
  2. Add warm water little at a time and start kneading. (Finished dough should be soft and separate easily when pulled)
  3. Once the dough is ready, keep it aside for about 10 minutes.
  4. In a high temperature, heat up a deep cooking pot.
  5. Put the jaggery balls and start stirring.
  6. Once all melted, add 2 spoons of ghee and stir it again.
  7. Then, add little milk and stir again for a minute.
  8. Take it out in bowl, add grated dry coconut and brown sesame seeds.
  9. Take a little bit of oil in one hand and take a small portion of the dough.
  10. Make a round and then make a cone shape.
  11. Dip your finger in oil and make a hole on the top of the dough.
  12. Press down to make a bigger hole.
  13. Rotate the cover while you make the hole.
  14. Fill the cover with the chaku 
  15. Fill it up to halfway and close the top.
  16. Cook the Yomari in the steamer for about 15 minutes.



Badam Sadeko (Peanut Salad/Salsa)


2 cup Peanuts

1 tablespoon of oil

4 cloves of garlic (thinly sliced)

2 tablespoons of ginger (Thinly sliced)

2 teaspoon red chili powder

1 tablespoon lime juice

Half Tomato (Finely chopped)

1 Serrano Pepper (finely chopped) 

Salt (according to taste)

1/4 red onion (finely chopped)

1 strand of green onion (finely chopped)

1/2 cup of finely chopped coriander leaves (cilantro)

  1. Put peanuts in a large bowl.
  2. Add tomato, Serrano, chopped cilantro, green and red onions, chopped ginger-garlic in a bowl to make the mixture.
  3. Add spices (salt red chili powder, lime juice, oil, etc.) and give everything a good mix.
  4. It is ready to serve.
Badam Sadeko


National Day of Nepal